AbstractThis article discusses how Mangkunegara VII took care his girls in the early 20th century. The pattern of child-rearing within the household of Mangkunegara VII for his daughters in the early 20th century. In the Javanese historiography, Mangkunegara VII was well known as modern aristocrat, who carried out various innovations, both in the social, economic, political, and cultural fields. His spirit of change had an impact on the way he took care his daughters. Historical documents show that Mangkunegara VII gave access to his daughters to get out of the comfort of living inside the palace walls and interact widely with the public community. Mangkunegara VII also provides wide opportunities for his daughters to interact with the outside world through the expression of Javanese arts and culture. Therefore, this paper focuses on the historical roots of the parenting model given by Mangkunegara VII to his three daughters, namely Partini, Partinah, and Gusti Nurul, so that the idea of emancipation is firmly entrenched in the minds of the three daughters. An important conclusion of this research is that giving the princesses the opportunity to express Javanese art and culture was one of the parenting strategies conducted by Mangkunegara in responding to modernity in the early 20th century.
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