KOTA BERKELANJUTAN: ANTARA IDE DAN IMPLEMENTASI DALAM PERSPEKTIF PEMANGKU KEPENTINGAN

Abstract

Tulisan ini memotret perspektif para pemangku kepentingan tentang konsep kota berkelanjutan di dua kota, yaitu Rotterdam dan Jakarta. Kota berkelanjutan sangat menarik diperdebatkan mengingat konsep ini relatif baru diwacanakan oleh para akademisi dan praktisi pembangunan di Indonesia. Konteks pembangunan berkelanjutan yang sejumlah indikatornya harus dipenuhi oleh Indonesia setelah mengadopsi sustainable development goals yang menempatkan kota sebagai salah satu pilar penting untuk mewujudkan keseimbangan antara pertumbuhan ekonomi, kesejahteraan sosial-budaya masyarakat, dan keseimbangan lingkungan akan terpenuhi melalui kota berkelanjutan. Dengan metode kualitatif berupa wawancara, diskusi terfokus, dan pengamatan selama berada di Rotterdam pada bulan Mei 2015. Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis perspektif pemangku kepentingan tentang ‘kota berkelanjutan’. Hasil yang diperoleh adalah informan menggunakan perspektif yang beragam dalam memaknai ‘kota berkelanjutan’. Hal ini dilatarbelakangi oleh kepentingan dan pemahamannya tentang kota berkelanjutan. Pendekatan governmentality penulis gunakan untuk memahami bagaimana idea dan practices tentang ‘kota berkelanjutan’ muncul dan terimplementasi baik di Rotterdam maupun Jakarta dalam implementasi pembangunan kota berkelanjutan.This article highlights the perspectives of stakeholders about the concept of sustainable city in two cities, Rotterdam and Jakarta. Sustainable city is very interesting to discuss since this concept is relatively new in discussions among scholars and development experts or professionals in Indonesia. Sustainable development concept that Indonesia adopted through the indicators of sustainable development goals which has been endorsed by the world community (United Nations) positioned cities as one of the major pillars in sustainable development for a harmonization of economic growth, social welfare, and the environmental balance will be realized through sustainable cities. Through the qualitative method with depth interview, focus discussion, and observation during the research field in Rotterdam on May 2015, this article aims to analyze the perspectives of the stakeholders about sustainable city. The result of this research is the description of diverse perspectives that had been used by the informants to interpret the concept of ‘sustainable city’. Those are motivated by their interest and understanding of the concept. The approach of governmentality is being used by the author to help to understand how ideas and practices of sustainable city appeared and implemented in Rotterdam and Jakarta.
PDF (Bahasa Indonesia)

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