PUSAKA SEJARAH MARITIM DI INDONESIA: KHASANAH, TANTANGAN, DAN STRATEGI PERLINDUNGANNYA

Abdul Wahid(1*),


(1) 
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Sebagai sebuah negara kepulauan, Indonesia memiliki sejarah panjang dan peradaban maritim yang kaya. Lautan dan pantai telah menjadi faktor penting yang membentuk kehidupan sosial, ekonomi, dan identitas kultural negeri ini, yang semuanya diwariskan secara historis dari ganerasi ke generasi. Sayangnya, warisan sejarah maritim ini, baik yang bersifat bendawi maupun non-bendawi, kini secara perlahan mulai memudar dan bahkan terancam punah. Hal ini disebabkan oleh gabungan beberapa faktor diantaranya kurangnya kesadaran publik tentang keberadaannya, absennya upaya dari pemangku kepentingan untuk memliharanya, dan eksploitasi destruktif sumberdaya laut dan pantai. Makalah ini menyajikan sebuah ulasan tentang kekayaan warisan sejarah maritim Indonesia, baik yang bersifat bendawi maupun non-bendawi, kondisi terkini mereka termasuk tantangan dan ancaman yang dihadapinya, dan strategi-strategi yang bisa diterapkan untuk melindunginya. Melalui diskusi tersebut, makalah ini bermaksud memberikan kontribusi pada upaya-upaya yeng terus dilakukan di Indonesia dan di negara-negara lainnya untuk mempromosikan makna penting warisan sejarah maritim, dan untuk membangun kesadaran akan pentingnya melakukan aksi-kolektif untuk menginventarisir, mengkaji, melindungi dan menyelamatkan mereka dari kepunahan.

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As an archipelagic country, Indonesia has a rich and long maritime history and civilization. Marine and coastal resources have been an essential factor in shaping the social, economy, and cultural identity of the nation, which was transferred historically from generation to generation. Unfortunately, these rich maritime historical heritages, both tangible and intangible, are slowly fading away and even at risk of extinction. This is resulted from a combination of several factors, namely the lack of public awareness about their existence, the absence of initiatives from stakeholders to preserve them and the destructive exploitation of marine and coastal resources. This paper provides a survey on the richness of Indonesian maritime heritages, tangible as well as intangible ones, their current situations, including the threathening challenges, and the strategis that may be applied to preserve and protect their existence. In so doing, the papers seeks to contribute to the ongoing efforts in Indonesia and elsewhere in promoting the important of maritime heritages and the need to initiate a collective-action to inventorize, study, preserve, and hence save them from the risk of extinction.


Keywords


maritime heritages; tangible and intangible heritages; Indonesia; history

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